The evidence suggest that androgen deficiency in women induces sexual dysfunction as its main clinical manifestation, in particular reduced libido. However, other factors may be involved in the genesis of this disease, such as interpersonal relationships, social stressors, physical inactivity and the partner. This is why physicians should include androgen deficiency syndrome in their differential diagnosis, even in women with adequate estrogen levels. Our objective was to present the practical aspects of this disease, emphasizing diagnosis and focusing on treatment.
New Human Physiology Ch 29
Androgen insensitivity syndrome
Back to Health A to Z. Disorders of sex development DSDs are a group of rare conditions where the reproductive organs and genitals don't develop as expected. It can be inherited, but it often occurs randomly for no clear reason. For example, they may have an enlarged clitoris resembling a penis and their vagina may be closed. The most common cause is congenital adrenal hyperplasia CAH. Without these, the body produces more androgens male sex hormones. If the child is female, the raised androgen levels before birth cause the genitals to become more male in appearance.
Center of Excellence for Transgender Health
Ambiguous genitalia is a rare condition in which an infant's external genitals don't appear to be clearly either male or female. In a baby with ambiguous genitalia, the genitals may be incompletely developed or the baby may have characteristics of both sexes. The external sex organs may not match the internal sex organs or genetic sex. Ambiguous genitalia isn't a disease, it's a disorder of sex development.
Increasing access to comprehensive, effective, and affirming healthcare services for trans communities. General effects include the development of facial hair, virilizing changes in voice, a redistribution of facial and body subcutaneous fat, increased muscle mass, increased body hair, change in sweat and odor patterns, frontal and temporal hairline recession, and possibly male pattern baldness. Sexual and gonadal effects include an increase in libido, clitoral growth, vaginal dryness, and cessation of menses. An ovulatory state is common, though not absolute and long-term fertility may be affected, though some transgender men are able to discontinue testosterone and achieve successful pregnancy. The general approach involves the use of one of several forms of parenteral testosterone.